WORLD HONEY BEE DAY



World Honey Bee Day is celebrated every third Saturday in August. This holiday helps create awareness of the dangers that honey bees face. However, it is also a day that reminds us of the worldwide extinction of bee species. Bees have an important role in pollination. Because pollination is so crucial to us, this has drawn a lot of attention to the role of bees.


Honeybee hives have long provided humans with honey and beeswax. The benefits of honey quickly sparked the desire for beekeeping since the Egyptian civilization. The method and upkeep improved as time went on. After a comb harvest, a man named Lorenzo Langstroth discovered a way to keep the hive going.



HONEYBEE FACTS

  • Honey is widely and effectively used to treat several ailments.

  • When honey is well preserved, it can remain edible for thousands of years.

  • The number of bees in a colony can rise up to 80,000.

  • There are 20,000 different species of bees all around the world.


WORKERS, DRONES AND QUEEN

A hive's inhabitants are generally divided into three types. Workers are the only bees that most people ever see. These bees are females that are not sexually developed. Workers forage for food (pollen and nectar from flowers), build and protect the hive.


The queen's job is simple—laying the eggs that will spawn the hive's next generation of bees. There is usually only a single queen in a hive. If the queen dies, workers will create a new queen by feeding one of the female larvae an exclusive diet of a food called “royal jelly.” This elixir enables the worker to develop into a fertile queen. Queens also regulate the hive's activities by producing chemicals that guide the behaviour of the other bees.


Male bees are called drones - the third class of honeybee. Several hundred drones live in each hive during the spring and summer, but they are expelled for the winter months when the hive goes into a lean survival mode.



Bees live on stored honey and pollen all winter, and cluster into a ball to conserve warmth. Larvae are fed from the stores during this season and, by spring, the hive is swarming with a new generation of bees.

Each year many millions die due to use of pesticides on the fields. Colony losses after winter are also rising. Their numbers fell in high rates because of Colony collapse disorder (CCD), an abnormal phenomenon that occurs when the majority of worker bees in a honey bee colony disappear, leaving behind a queen, plenty of food, and a few nurse bees to care for the remaining immature bees.



Source: nationaltoday.com, nationalgeographic.com


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