WORLD MOSQUITO DAY



You may be wondering why we have a World Mosquito Day when these animals are responsible for the transmission of malaria. Well, that is what this day is all about; raising awareness regarding this, so that more people will be safe and protected.


Few animals on Earth evoke the antipathy that mosquitoes do. Beyond the nuisance factor and itchy bites, mosquitoes are carriers, or vectors, for some of humanity’s most deadly illnesses, and they are public enemy number one in the fight against global infectious disease. Mosquitoes are responsible for the propagation of malaria which affects nearly 300 million people every year.


BITE FACTS

  • Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood.

  • There are more than 3,500 species of mosquitoes.

  • The average mosquito lifespan is less than two months.

  • Mosquitoes are one of the deadliest species on the planet.

  • Mosquitoes can hibernate.

  • Mosquitoes drink up to 3 times their weight in blood.


Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood. They use the blood not for their own nourishment but as a source of protein for their eggs. For food, both males and females eat nectar and other plant sugars.



WHAT DISEASES CAN YOU GET FROM MOSQUITOES?

  • Zika Virus

  • Malaria

  • West Nile Virus

  • Dengue Fever

  • Yellow Fever

  • Chikungunya

  • Influenza


Carbon dioxide, which humans and other animals produce, is actually a key signal to mosquitoes that a blood meal is near. They have a keen sensitivity to CO2 that is present in air. Insecticide spraying to kill adult mosquitoes is also widespread. Mosquitoes are also a reliable source of food for thousands of animals, including birds, bats, dragonflies, and frogs. In addition, humans are actually not the first choice for most mosquitoes looking for a meal. They usually prefer horses, cattle, and birds.


Mosquito-borne diseases cause millions of deaths worldwide every year with a disproportionate effect on children and the elderly in developing countries. Mosquito control is therefore a vital public-health practice throughout the world and especially in the tropics.


Many scientists think global warming will likely increase their number and range. Also the continued increase in worldwide tourism and trade virtually guarantees further challenges from exotic diseases requiring ready control expertise to prevent their establishment and spread.



Source: mosquito.org, odomosprotect.com, nationalgeographic.com



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